The subject matter of ‘ilm al-farâ’id or ‘ilm al-mawâreeth (the science of inheritance) is the estate of the deceased. It is a division of fiqh (Islamic jurisprudence) that requires some understanding of mathematics as well. For this reason, it is usually mentioned as a separate discipline by itself. This is also so because of its importance and the fact that mastery of it is rare, even among scholars. It is a fard kifâyah (communal obligation) to learn it for the obvious objective of being able to distribute the estate of the deceased justly among the heirs, as prescribed by Allah.
In this course, we will attempt to have a basic understanding of this science, with a special focus on the following chapters:
- Dhawoo al-Furood (Heirs of Designated Shares أصحاب الفروض)
- ‘AsAbah (Residuary Heirs العصبات)
- Dhawoo ar-Rahim (Other Kin ذوو الأرحام)
- Hajb (Blockage الحجب) & Mawâni’ (Hindrances الموانع)
- Radd (Redistribution الرد) & ‘Awl (proportionate reduction العول)
- Uṣool Al-Masâ’il (Number of Shares أصول المسائل) & Tasheeh (Eliminating Fractions تصحيح المسائل)
Dr. Hatem AlHaj, M.D Ph.D: Dr. Hatem was born in Cairo, Egypt and currently resides in the United States of America. He was granted his PhD in Comparative Fiqh from al-Jinan University, Tripoli, Lebanon and his MA in Islamic law from the American Open University. Dr. Hatem is the chairman of the Academic Committee at Mishkah University and a senior member of the Fatwa Committee of AMJA.
Islamic Estate Planning – From Theory to Practice: Learn how to apply Islamic Inheritance laws in America. What are the tools, challenges, and opportunities that Muslims face when attempting to leave their wealth in accordance with the dictates of their faith?
Yaser Ali, Esq. is a graduate of UC Berkeley School of Law and is trained in classical Islamic Inheritance law. He is the co-author of the American Bar Association’s guide to Estate Planning for the Muslim client.